College of Agriculture, Hisar

(Pulses Section)

Dr. Gajraj Singh Dahiya

Mailing Address

Pulses Section, Deptt. of Genetics & Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, CCS HAU, Hisar-125 004

Phone No : 1662255406

Email Id :pulses@hau.ac.in

Pulses play multidimensional role in agro-ecosystem. Being rich source of better quality proteins, minerals and vitamins, they enrich the human and animal nutrition. Their complementary nutritive value furnish the most practical means of eradicating the wide spread protein deficiency malnutrition and form a vital base for nutritional security. They are low water and fertilizers guzzlers, symbiotically fix the nitrogen from environment and help in improving soil health through their supplementary effect on its biological, chemical and physical properties resulting in long-term fertility and sustainability of the cropping systems. Thus pulses can be considered as one of the best option for diversification. Crop diversification is a new paradigm of sustainable agriculture and diversification in favour of pulses is imperative for raising income, sustainable production, food and nutrient security, import reduction, export promotion, employment generation, poverty alleviation, judicious use of land and water resources and reduction in environmental pollution.

India is the largest producer and consumer of pulses and produced 26.96 million tons pulses from 30.37 million hectares with 888 kg/ha productivity in 2021-22. In recent years, concerted research efforts and a number of Government initiatives to enhance pulses production has resulted in steady growth in pulses production and reduced the dependence on imports from 6.66 million tons in 2016-17 to 2.7 million tons in 2021-22. Pulses Section of CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar is among the leading centre of Pulses Breeding in India and has played a crucial role in this enhancement of pulses production. Varietal development programme with well defined objectives to develop high yielding, disease resistant, early maturing short duration varieties suitable for intensive cropping systems, is a continuing process in the Section. Untiring efforts have paid good dividends in the form of Release and Notification of 40 varieties of different pulse crops i.e. nine of mungbean (Asha, Muskan, Sattya, Basanti, MH 421, MH 318, MH 1142, MH 1762 and MH 1772), fifteen of chickpea (L-144, L-550, C-235, C-214, H-355, H 208, Gaurav, HC-1, HC-3, HC-5, HC-6, HC-7, HK-1, HK-2 & HK-4), nine of fieldpea (Aparna, Jayanti, Uttara, Hariyal, HFP 9426, HFP 529, HFP 715, HFP 1426 and HFP 1428), four of lentil (Sapna, Garima,  HM-1 and LH 17-19), two of pigeonpea (Paras & Manak) and one of urdbean (UH-1). 

The impact of any agricultural technology developed by an Institute can only be judged through the adoption rate by the farmers. High yielding, early maturing and disease resistant varieties, enhanced availability of nucleus, breeder and certified/quality seed resulted in spectacular increase in adoption of these varieties. Though Haryana is a small state with only 1 to 1.5 per cent area under pulses yet our varieties became very popular among the farmers at state as well as national level and helped to a great extent in revolutionizing pulses cultivation in India. Besides, CCS HAU is pioneer in development of first leafletless fieldpea variety Aparna and first mechanized harvesting and intercropping amenable chickpea variety HC-5. Our two mungbean varieties i.e. MH 421 and MH 1142 which are highly resistant to MYMV with high adaptability are now among the most popular varieties covering more than 20% of total mungbean area in India. After their release, the area and production of mungbean in different states especially in Rajasthan (largest grower of mungbean) has increased thereby enhancing the overall production of pulses in India. The AICRP on MULLaRP conferred “BEST CENTRE AWARD-2018” for outstanding contribution in development of high yielding varieties of mungbean. Earlier also the AICRP on MULLaRP awarded “BEST MUNGBEAN TEAM AWARD” in 2008 to CCS HAU.

Last Updated :-Mon, Mar 18 2024

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Awards and Recognitions

Dr. I. S. Sheoran was awarded Hari Om Ashram award for team research, Rafi Ahmed Kidwai award and NAAS Fellow : -

Infrastructural Development

  • The department has a Botanical Garden spread over an area of 10.5 acres with rich biodiversity. The department has done pioneering work in conserving the indigenour local species of plant and also introduction of exotic specis (approximately 600) from other places. Various native and exotic trees, shurbs, herbs, climbers, aquatic plants, cacti and succulents have been collected and maintained for imparting knowledge to our students as well as related scientists. Flower shows are organized from time to time.
  • The department has 9 screening houses near the college building.
  • The department has developed 20 salinity micro plots to determine phyto-remediating potential of halophytic flora and 24 lysimeter have been installed in field to determine the transpirational potential of trees having importannce in bio-drainage.
  • Experimental farms spread over 25 acres have been developed to evaluate bio-drainage potential of trees to improve waterlogged soils.

Package and Practices

system having Eucalyptus tereticornis as a strip plantation should be established on the water logged soils. In this model north to south field boundary is converted into 2.6 m wide and 45 cm high raised bund on which two rows of trees can be planted. The intervening space is left for the crops with minimum of shade effect due to the north-south direction of bunds� initiated by Drs. O.P. Toky, Rajiv Angrish and J.C. Kaushik included in the HAU Package of Practices.

Other Activities of the Department

Van Mahotsav was celebrated at CCS HAU premises in Botanical Garden of the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology On 27th July, 2015. The guest of honour in the function was honourable Agriculture Minister Sh. O.P.Dhankar. The Agriculture Minister, Vice -Chancellor (Dr. K.S.Khokhar), Member of Board (Dr. Ramesh Yadav) & Dean PGS (Dr. Rajbala Grewal) planted Tejpata, Putjeeva, Raintree and Chandni trees in Botanical Gardn.

On 20th August, 2015 tree plantation programme was conducted by the Department of Botany & Plant Physiology, College of Basic Sciences & Humanities in the Botanical Garden. The Deputy Director General (Crop Science) Dr. J.S.Sandhu Guest of Honour planted trees, along with dignitaries Vice -Chancellor (Dr.K.S.Khokhar), Registrar (Dr.M.S.Dahiya), Director of Research (Dr.S.S.Siwach), Dean, COA (Dr. R.K.Pannu) & Dean, COBS&H (Dr.R.KJain). The planted trees were Sacred Ashoka, Kachnar, Dalchini, Ashok and Ficus Sp.

Training/Symposium /Conference Organized

Organized 4 day Third Indian Palynological conference on Palynology in Crop Production & Improvement in Sepetember 21-23, 1981.

Organized 3 day Symposium of Plant Physiology (1984) in collaboration with Indian Society for Plant Physiology, New Delhi.

The Department organized National Level Training Programme on Biodrainaege: Potential and Practice funded by Ministry of Water Resources G.O.I., from Feb 1st to 6th, 2008. Dr. R. Angrish of this Department was the Course Director, held at DHRM, CCS HAU, Hisar.

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